A serious problem dentists sometimes encounter in their practice are cysts along the jaw. Cyst formation is not always something that is immediately noticeable to the patient. In the early stages, cysts don't cause serious pain in the affected individual (unlike a tooth abscess). They are also usually benign (non-cancerous). Unfortunately, cysts are most often discovered once they are fairly advanced, and it is usually necessary to remove them by this point. Cysts along the jawline can cause painful jaw movements or even serious tooth misalignment. The preferred method for handling this problem is usually a quick and simple surgical procedure. In some cases, the problem is more involved and takes longer to resolve.

How and When Cysts Appear

Dental cysts can take a number of forms. For instance, they can be small sacs with a watery interior that expand over the years (displacing healthy gum tissue). Alternatively, they can also affect the tissue immediately around the jawbone itself. If the cysts are very small, this damage to surrounding tissue is usually minimal.

Dental Tissue Cysts

When a dental cyst develops as a consequence of some other problem, such as an infection related to a root canal, patients will often fail to notice the growth of the cyst as a separate issue. Instead, they will assume it is related to the original problem. Unfortunately, the growth of the cyst will continue and exacerbate the existing problem. In this kind of situation, it's necessary to turn to an oral surgeon.

Removal of the Cyst

Before a cyst is removed by an oral surgeon, such as Somerset Dental On James, he or she will want to get some idea of what kind of cyst it is and how involved it is with the surrounding tissues. For example, if the cyst is related to an infection in a tooth root or in the dental pulp itself, the infection will have to be addressed before the cyst can be surgically excised. Removal of the cyst is preceded in this instance by antibiotics designed to eliminate the infection prior to surgery. This will also help reduce the chance of cysts reappearing.

Cysts that have not formed as a result of an infection in the tooth root can also be removed, although the procedure is more difficult and involved. These cysts must first be discovered by X-rays. They are excised by surgically separating the jawbone so that a small portion of the jaw can be removed.